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Jacó is a small resort town on the Central Pacific coast of Costa Rica, on the outskirts of the Gulf of Nicoya. It is located 72 kilometers south of Puntarenas and 97 kilometers southwest of San José, capital of the Republic.

It is the head of the canton of Garabito, in the Province of Puntarenas. The city has a population of approximately 10,000 inhabitants.

The district of Jacó measures 140.41 km² and has an estimated population of 11,725 ​​inhabitants (2010).


Story

Jacó is of recent foundation (mid-20th century), although the area was inhabited since pre-Columbian times by natives of the Huetar ethnic group, settled in scattered settlements; At the beginning of the Conquest, the main chief was Garabito, who gave rise to the name of the canton. The discoverer of the region was Don Gil González Dávila, in the year 1522, when he made the first tour of the national territory, from the southeast sector of it to the indigenous town of Avancari (today Abangaritos, Puntarenas canton).

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In-Law No. 20 of October 18, 1915, on territorial division for administrative purposes, the villages Las Agujas, Tárcoles, Pigres, Las Mantas, and Herradura were part of the first district of the canton of Puntarenas, without even mentioning the existence of Jacó.

It was not until 50 years later and by executive decree No. 15 (referring to the Territorial Administrative Division of the Republic) of February 25, 1965, that Jacó constituted a hamlet in the first district of Puntarenas; In the same year, by law No. 3549 of September 16, Jacó became the ninth district of the canton of Puntarenas, whose head was set in the Jacó neighborhood. In the second administration of Mr. José Figueres Ferrer, on May 26, 1972, in executive decree No. 2347-G, on the Territorial Administrative Division, the title of Villa was granted to the neighborhood of Jacó.

During the government of Mr. Daniel Oduber Quirós, Executive Decree No. 4358-G was issued on December 6, 1974, which established the District Council of Jacó. Later, in law No. 6512 of September 25, 1980, in the government of Mr. Rodrigo Carazo Odio, who created the canton of Garabito, the town acquired the category of City, as it was the head of the new administrative unit established at that time.

In 1927 the school was inaugurated under the name of Mixta de Jacó in the second administration of Don Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.

The church was built in 1946. During the archbishopric of Monsignor Carlos Humberto Rodríguez Quirós fourth archbishop of Costa Rica, in 1969, the parish was erected, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Mary; which at the moment is suffragan of the diocese of Tilarán of the ecclesiastical province of Costa Rica.

The pipeline was inaugurated in 1976. The highway called Costanera Sur (Route 34), which connects the canton with other cities in the Central Pacific Region, was opened in 1978, in the government of Mr. Daniel Oduber Quirós. The electric lighting was installed in September 1981, in the administration of Mr. Rodrigo Carazo Odio.

On May 7, 1982, the first session of the Garabito Council was held, made up of the proprietary councilors, Messrs. Johanes Danker Daems, president; Carlos Alvarado Chaves, vice president; Ulises Mora Delgado, Rafael Monge Monge, and Carlos Luis Espinoza Jiménez. The Municipal Executive was Mr. Hubert Madrigal Orozco and the municipal secretary, Miss Urania Ríos Quesada.


Weather

Jacó is located at an altitude of 7 meters above sea level, and the climate is normally hot and humid, with relative humidity of around 80%, reaching 90% in June.

The temperature is high and fairly uniform throughout the year: 24 ° to 32 ° C during the day and 24 ° to 26 ° C at night. In the dry season, away from the sea, the temperature can consistently reach 35 ° C or more.

Jacó is located in a tropical climate zone that is mainly defined by very different dry and wet seasons. Generally speaking, from August to early December the weather is humid, and from late December to early April the weather is dry; the remaining months have irregular periods of rain.


Economy and tourism

The canton of Garabito is an important pole of foreign investment, especially in terms of construction of beach hotels. It is among the 10 Costa Rican cantons with the highest human development index.

The economy of Jacó is based mainly on the tertiary sector, especially on activities related to tourism, this being the one that absorbs the largest amount of income.

Jacó has a beach that is around 4 km long and offers some of the best surfing spots in the country.

The narrow coastal plain features several mountains, and is neighboring the beaches of Herradura Bay to the north and Playa Hermosa to the south. About 15 kilometers north of Jacó, is the Carara National Park, recon

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